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ASTM A182-2019 pdf free download

ASTM A182-2019 pdf free download.Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled Alloy and Stainless Steel Pipe Flanges, Forged Fittings, and Valves and Parts for High-Temperature Service
1. Scope
1.1 This specification2 covers forged low alloy and stainless steel piping components for use in pressure systems. Included are flanges, fittings, valves, and similar parts to specified dimensions or to dimensional standards, such as the ASME specifications that are referenced in Section 2. 1.2 For bars and products machined directly from bar (other than those directly addressed by this specification; see 6.4), refer to Specifications A479/A479M and A739 for the similar grades available in those specifications. Products made to this specification are limited to a maximum weight of 10 000 lb [4540 kg]. For larger products and products for other applications, refer to Specifications A336/A336M and A965/ A965M for the similar ferritic and austenitic grades, respectively, available in those specifications. 1.3 Several grades of low alloy steels and ferritic, martensitic, austenitic, and ferritic-austenitic stainless steels are included in this specification. Selection will depend upon design and service requirements. Several of the ferritic/ austenitic (duplex) grades are also found in Specification A 1049/A 1049M. 1.4 Supplementary requirements are provided for use when additional testing or inspection is desired. These shall apply only when specified individually by the purchaser in the order. 1.5 This specification is expressed in both inch-pound units and in SI units. However, unless the order specifies the applicable“M”specification designation (SI units), the mate- rial shall be furnished to inch pound units.1.6 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as the standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. 1.7 This international standard was developed in accor- dance with internationally recognized principles on standard- ization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recom- mendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
7. Heat Treatment
7.1 After hot working, forgings shall be cooled to a tem- perature below 1000 °F [538 °C] prior to heat treating in accordance with the requirements of Table 1. 7.2 Low Alloy Steels and Ferritic and Martensitic Stainless Steels- -The low alloy steels and ferritic and martensitic stainless steels shall be heat treated in accordance with the requirements of 7.1 and Table 1. When more than one heat treatment option is listed for a Grade in Table 1, any one of the heat treatments listed shall be performed. The selection of the heat treatment shall be at the manufacturer’s option, unless otherwise stated in the purchase order. 7.2.1 Liquid Quenching- Except as permitted in 7.2.2, for F 1, F 2, and F 3, and when agreed to by the purchaser, liquid quenching followed by tempering shall be permitted provided the temperatures in Table 1 for each grade are used. Marking- _Parts that are liquid quenched and tem- pered shall be marked“QT” 7.2.2 Alternatively, Grade F 1,F 2, and F 12, Classes 1 and 2 may be given a heat treatment of 1200 °F [650 °C] minimum after final hot or cold forming. 7.3 Austenitic and Ferritic-Austenitic Stainless Steels- Except as permitted by 7.5, the austenitic and ferritic-austenitic stainless steels shall be heat treated and liquid-quenched in accordance with the requirements of 7.1 and Table 1. 7.3.1 Alternatively, immediately following hot working, while the temperature of the forging is not less than the minimum solution annealing temperature specified in Table 1, forgings made from austenitic grades (except grades F 304H, F 309H,F 310,F 310H,F 316H, F 321,F 321H, F 347, F 347H, F 348, F 348H, F 45, and F 56) may be individually rapidly quenched in accordance with the requirements of Table Ferritic-austenitic grades may be solution annealed without cooling below 1000 °F by being re-heated to the solution annealing temperature required in Table 1.

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