Home>ASTM Standards>ASTM A48-03(R2021) pdf free download

ASTM A48-03(R2021) pdf free download

ASTM A48-03(R2021) pdf free download.Standard Specification for Gray Iron Castings
1. Scope
1.1 This specification covers gray iron castings intended for general engineering use where tensile strength is a major consideration. Castings are classified on the basis of the tensile strength of the iron in separately cast test bars. 1.1.1 This specification subordinates chemical composition to tensile strength. 1.2 Castings produced to this specification are graded on the basis of minimum tensile strength obtained in special test coupons designed to standardize cooling rate. The tensile strength developed in certain casting sections may vary from test coupon values (see X1.2). 1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accor- dance with internationally recognized principles on standard- ization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recom- mendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
10. Sampling
10.1 A lot shall consist of one of the following:10.1.1 All the metal poured from a single heating in a batch-type melting furnace. 10.1.2 All the metal from two or more batch-type melting furnaces poured into a single ladle or a single casting. 10.1.3 All the metal poured from a continuous melting furnace for a given period of time between changes in charge, processing conditions, or aim-for chemistry or 4 h, whichever is the shorter period. The purchaser may agree to extend the 4-h time period to 8 h if the manufacturer can demonstrate sufficient process control to warrant such an extension.
11. Cast Test Bars
11.1 Test bars shall be separate castings poured from the same lot as the castings they represent and shall have dimen- sions as shown in Table 4. Allowance may be made for reasonable pattern draft within the tolerances shown in Table 4. Test bars A, B, and C are all standard test bars in the form of simple cylinders. Test bar S is special and is intended for use where the standard bars are not satisfactory. 11.2 The test bars shall be cast in dried, baked, or chemi- cally bonded molds made mainly of an aggregate of siliceous sand with appropriate binders. The average grain size of the sand shall approximate that of the sand in which the castings are poured. Molds for the test bars shall be approximately at room temperature when poured. More than one test bar may be cast in a single mold, but each bar in the mold shall be surrounded by a thickness of sand which is not less than the diameter of the bar. A suitable design for a mold is shown in Fig. 2. N OTE 1—The intent of these provisions is as follows: to prohibit the casting of test bars in molds of metal, graphite, zircon, light-weight aggregates, or other materials which would significantly affect the tensile strength of the iron; to prohibit control of tensile strength of the test bars by manipulation of the grain size of the sand; and to prohibit the casting of test bars in molds preheated substantially above room temperature. 12. Number of Tests and Retests
12.1 The tension test shall be conducted in accordance with Test Methods E8/E8M. 12.2 One tension test shall be performed on each lot and shall conform to the tensile requirements specified. 12.3 If the results of a valid test fail to conform to the requirements of this specification, two retests shall be made. If either retest fails to meet the specification requirements, the castings represented by these test specimens shall be rejected. A valid test is one wherein the specimen has been properly prepared and appears to be sound and on which the approved test procedure has been followed. 12.4 Ifsufficient separately cast test pieces are not available, the manufacturer shall have the option of removing a test specimen from a location of representative casting, as agreed upon between the manufacturer and purchaser.

Maybe you like

Standards Tags