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ASTM D4607-14(R2021) pdf free download

ASTM D4607-14(R2021) pdf free download.Standard Test Method for Determination of Iodine Number of Activated Carbon
1. Scope
1.1 This test method covers the determination ofthe relative activation level of unused or reactivated carbons by adsorption of iodine from aqueous solution. The amount of iodine absorbed (in milligrams) by 1 g of carbon using test conditions listed herein is called the iodine number. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appro- priate safety, health, and environmental practices and deter- mine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazard statements are given in Section 7. 1.4 This international standard was developed in accor- dance with internationally recognized principles on standard- ization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recom- mendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
3. Summary of Test Method
3.1 This test method is based upon a three-point adsorption isotherm (see Practice D3860). A standard iodine solution is treated with three different weights of activated carbon under specified conditions. The carbon-treated solutions are filtered to separate the carbon from the treated iodine solution (filtrate). Iodine remaining in the filtrate is measured by titration. The amount of iodine removed per gram of carbon is determined for each carbon dosage and the resulting data used to plot an adsorption isotherm. The amount of iodine adsorbed (in milligrams) per gram of carbon at a residual iodine concentra- tion of 0.02 N is reported as the iodine number. 3.2 Iodine concentration in the standard solution affects the capacity of an activated carbon for iodine adsorption. Therefore, the normality of the standard iodine solution must be maintained at a constant value (0.100 6 0.001 N) for all iodine number measurements. 3.3 The apparatus required consists of various laboratory glassware used to prepare solutions and contact carbon with the standard iodine solution. Filtration and titration equipment are also required.
4. Significance and Use
4.1 The iodine number is a relative indicator of porosity in an activated carbon. It does not necessarily provide a measure of the carbon’s ability to absorb other species. Iodine number may be used as an approximation of surface area for some types of activated carbons (see Test Method C819). However, it must be realized that any relationship between surface area and iodine number cannot be generalized. It varies with changes in carbon raw material, processing conditions, and pore volume distribution (see Terminology D2652). 4.2 The presence of adsorbed volatiles, sulfur, and water extractables may affect the measured iodine number of an activated carbon.
7. Hazards
7.1 Several potential hazards are associated with conducting this test procedure. It is not the purpose of this standard to address all potential health and safety hazards encountered with its use. The user is responsible for establishing appropri- ate health and safety practices before use ofthis test procedure. Determine the applicability of federal and state regulations before attempting to use this test method. 7.2 Personnel conducting the iodine number procedure should be aware of potential safety and health hazards associ- ated with the chemicals used in this procedure. The “Material Safety Data Sheet” (MSDS) for each reagent listed in Section 6 should be read and understood. Special precautions to be taken during use of each reagent are included on the “Material Safety Data Sheet” (MSDS). First aid procedures for contact with a chemical are also listed on its “MSDS.” A “Material Safety Data Sheet” for each reagent may be obtained from the manufacturer. Other safety and health hazard information on reagents used in this procedure is available. 6,7,8 7.3 Careful handling and good laboratory technique should always be used when working with chemicals. Avoid contact with hydrochloric acid or acid vapor. Care should also be taken to prevent burns during heating ofvarious solutions during this test procedure. 7.4 The user ofthis test method should comply with federal, state, and local regulations for safe disposal of all samples and reagents used.

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