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ASTM D7865-13(R2021) pdf free download

ASTM D7865-13(R2021) pdf free download.Standard Guide for Identification, Packaging, Handling, Storage, and Deployment of Fabricated Geomembrane Panels
1. Scope
1.1 This guide covers guidelines for the identification, packaging, handling, storage, and deployment of fabricated geomembrane panels. This guide is not to be considered as all encompassing since each project involving fabricated panels presents its own challenges and special conditions. 1.2 This guide is intended to aid fabricators, suppliers, purchasers, and users of fabricated panels in the identification, packaging, handling, storage, and deployment of fabricated geomembrane panels. 1.3 This guide is written for factory-fabricated geomem- brane panels only. Other geosynthetics use Guide D4873/ D4873M as their guide. 1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appro- priate safety, health, and environmental practices and deter- mine the applicability ofregulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accor- dance with internationally recognized principles on standard- ization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recom- mendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
3. Terminology
3.1 Definitions: 3.1.1 Some with terms applying to this guide appear in Terminology D4439. 3.1.2 accordion-folded and rolled panel, n—refers to an accordion-folded fabricated panel that is first accordion-folded to the desired width and then rolled to form a finished, rolled bundle for transport. 3.1.3 accordion-folded panel, n—refers to a fabricated panel where the material is folded back and forth in a “Z” formation in the same principal direction as the seams. This folding takes a wider panel of material and makes it into a narrow stack. For example, a 30 m by 30 m prefabricated panel could be accordion-folded into a 3 m wide stack of material ten layers deep and 30 m long. 3.1.4 double accordion-folded panel, n—refers to an accordion-folded fabricated panel that is accordion-folded to the desired width and then accordion-folded in the length direction onto a pallet (or into a container). Double accordion- folded panels typically appear as a “cube” of material with square corners. 3.1.5 fabricated panel, n—refers to a geomembrane panel seamed at a fabrication facility into a larger panel than the original roll stock material. A fabricated panel may be a larger rectangular panel of geomembrane or may be a specific fabricated shape or may contain special job-specific detail work. 3.1.6 rolled panel, n—refers to a fabricated panel that is rolled from one end or in some cases from both ends to the middle. 3.2 Definitions ofTerms Specific to This Standard: 3.2.1 fabricator, n—the person or organization by whom the geomembrane material is fabricated into a fabricated panel.
5. Procedure
5.1 Fabrication and Identification: 5.1.1 Fabricated geomembrane panels are seamed to the customer-specified sizes according to previously agreed speci- fications. If a project layout is required then the fabricated panel is prepared according to the project layout. Special fabricated panels such as shaped panels or panels with fittings should be fabricated according to customer-approved draw- ings. 5.1.2 All fabricated geomembrane panels should be uniquely identified with a number or other identification markings. These identification markings should clearly identify where the panel will be placed in any project layout. 5.1.3 Identify each fabricated geomembrane panel with a durable, gummed, weather-resistant label or equivalent. One label should be placed directly on the material after fabrication and one label should be attached to the outside of the packaging. 5.1.4 Panel identification should include, at a minimum, the name ofthe fabricator, product or style number, and the unique panel identification number or marking. All designations should be clearly marked and readable for the anticipated storage period. The identification label should also include the width and length of the fabricated panel. For special fabricated panels, a description of the panel features is recommended.

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