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ASTM D850-2021 pdf free download

ASTM D850-2021 pdf free download.Standard Test Method for Distillation of Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Related Materials
1. Scope
1.1 This test method covers the distillation of industrial aromatic hydrocarbons and related materials of relatively narrow boiling ranges from 30 to 250°C. Warning—This test method is not applicable for styrene which will exothermically polymerize during the distillation process. 1.2 The following applies to all specified limits in this test method: for the purposes of determining conformance to this test method, an observed or calculated value shall be rounded off “to the nearest unit” in the last right-hand digit used in expressing the specification limit, in accordance with the rounding-off method of Practice E29. 1.3 Warning—Mercury has been designated by EPA and many state agencies as a hazardous material that can cause central nervous system, kidney and liver damage. Mercury, or its vapor, may be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Caution should be taken when handling mercury and mercury-containing products. See the applicable product Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for details and EPA’s website (http:// www.epa.gov/mercury/faq.htm) for additional information. Users should be aware that selling mercury or mercury- containing products, or both, in your state may be prohibited by state law. 1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appro- priate safety, health, and environmental practices and deter- mine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see 6.5.2, 6.6.1, and Section 7. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accor- dance with internationally recognized principles on standard- ization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recom- mendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
6.2.2 Automatic Distillation Temperature Sensor— Temperature measurement systems using thermocouples or resistance thermometers, otherwise referred to as the “tempera- ture measuring devices,” must exhibit the same temperature lag and accuracy as the equivalent mercury glass thermometer. Confirmation of the calibration of these temperature sensors is to be done at regular intervals. This may be accomplished as prescribed in Test Method E220, or some similar means using a precision resistance decade box. Another technique is to distill pure toluene and compare the temperature indicated by the thermocouple or resistance thermometer with that shown by the thermometer. When installing a new automatic distilla- tion analyzer, a toluene sample with a known distillation range of approximately 1.0°C must be used to verify the dry point and distillation range. 4 It is recommended that such a material be used when replacing a temperature measuring device. Alternatively a material of known distillation range and dry point may be used when replacing a temperature measuring device. Automatic Distillation Temperature Sensor Center- ing Device—The temperature sensor shall be mounted through a snug-fitting device designed to mechanically center the sensor in the neck of the flask. The use of a cork or silicone stopper with a hole drilled through the center is not acceptable for this purpose. Examples of acceptable centering devices are shown in Fig. 2. The electronic circuitry or algorithms, or both, used shall include the capability to simulate the temperature lag of a mercury-in-glass thermometer. For that reason the known toluene sample with a distillation range ofapproximately 1.0°C must be used to verify the algorithm and dampening software. Alternatively, the sensor can also be placed in a casing with the tip of the sensor covered, so that the assembly, because of its adjusted thermal mass and conductivity, has a temperature lag similar to that of a mercury-in-glass thermom- eter.

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