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ASTM E1481-00a(R2021) pdf free download

ASTM E1481-00a(R2021) pdf free download.Standard Terminology of Railing Systems and Rails for Buildings
1. Scope
1.1 This terminology consists of terms and definitions pertaining to railing systems and rails for buildings, and in particular, terms related to the standards generated by ASTM Committee E06 on Performance of Building Constructions. 1.2 The purpose of this terminology is to provide meanings and explanations of technical terms, written for both the technical expert and the non-expert user. 1.3 This terminology is one of a group of special terminolo- gies subsidiary to the comprehensive Terminology E631. 1.4 Terms are listed in alphabetical sequence. Compound terms appear in the natural spoken order. Where definitions herein are adopted from other sources, they are exact copies. The source is identified at the right margin following the definition and is listed in Section 2. 1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accor- dance with internationally recognized principles on standard- ization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recom- mendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
3. Terminology
3.1 Definitions: baluster, baluster bar, n—one of a series of closely spaced, upright, and parallel infill members of a balustrade, located between top rail or handrail and bottom rail or tread or floor beneath balustrade. (Synonym for picket.) baluster casting—an ornamental cast element attached to a baluster. Also, cast element designed to attach baluster to top and bottom rails. baluster railing system—a system consisting of posts, balusters, top rail, and bottom rail. balustrade, n—a railing system consisting of a row of balus- ters capped by a rail or handrail. bottom rail—the lowest member of a railing system, support- ing balusters or panels, if any. building, n—a structure comprising a partially or totally enclosed space, erected by means of a planned process of forming and combining materials. E631 cap, n—a fitting or plug used to close the end ofa pipe, tubular post, newel, or rail. cap rail—a secondary railing element, often a handrail, fastened to the top rail ofa railing system. (Synonym for rail cap.) collar, n—Synonym for escutcheon. E631 cover flange—Synonym for escutcheon. E631 cover plate—Synonym for escutcheon. cover ring—Synonym for escutcheon.drop cap—the cover of a railing post or newel that is exposed to view, usually below the stair stringer or floor. E631 easement, n—the curved portion of a rail and handrail forming a transition in the vertical plane between the horizontal and inclined sections of a handrail. escutcheon, n—a protective or ornamental cover located at the termination of a post, baluster, or rail against a tread, floor, or wall. (Synonym for collar, cover flange, cover plate, or cover ring.) expanded metal—See screen. finial, n—an ornamental piece on the top of a post, newel, or railing; frequently in the form of an urn or pineapple, and so named. E631 flange, n—a flat plate or formed piece at the end of a railing or rail element for attachment to the adjoining construction or supporting member. grab bar—Synonym for grab rail. E631 grab rail—a short length of rail located for safety or conve- nience to assist a person in movement at a specific location. (Synonym for grab bar.) E631 guardrail system—a railing system, providing protection for building users against accidental fall and injury, located at or near the outer edge of a stair, ramp, landing, platform, deck, balcony, hatchway, manhole, floor opening, porch, or acces- sible roof; at the perimeter of an opening or accessible surface, such as the opening of a stair; or at a location at which an operating condition requires access limitation to a designated area. (Compare railing system.)

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