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ASTM E2962-14(R2020) pdf free download

ASTM E2962-14(R2020) pdf free download.Standard Guide for Fleet Management
4. Summary of Guide
4.1 Entities should be able to realize significant cost savings and increases in efficiency when fleet assets are managed strategically and holistically. 4.2 An individual fleet asset (for example, a single sedan) may be managed as such (an individual asset) under other ASTM International asset management standards, but there are additional economies to be gained if the fleet is considered holistically. For example, an entity may realize reduced main- tenance costs because of commonality of maintenance parts, test equipment, and breadth of expertise required of mainte- nance personnel. 4.3 Effective management of fleet assets is multi-faceted. An entity can choose the effort and resources dedicated to its fleet management effort based on factors such as the entity’s mission, its level of investment in the fleet assets, the com- plexity of the assets themselves, and the risks correlated to the assets’ availability. 4.4 The goal of effective fleet asset management is to maximize the value to the entity while ensuring availability to fulfill the mission and minimizing exposure to risks.4.5 Fleet management is separate and distinct from fleet operations. Effective fleet management incorporates appropri- ate strategic operational policies.
5. Significance and Use
5.1 This guide promotes the considerations that may be applied to the management of fleet assets as a business process of the entity. 5.2 The central objective of this guide is to ensure that fleet assets are managed in a manner best suited to the entity taking into account the needs and mission of the entity and the respective capabilities of the assets. 5.3 Measuring and managing the effectiveness of a fleet program will result in improved accountability and enhanced operational performance. Accountability will be evident through standard performance measures such as cost savings, increased asset utilization, extended asset life, and increased mission effectiveness.
6. Decision Process
6.1 Assets—Entities will consider which management meth- ods and tools to apply and the level of effort to exert in managing their fleet assets. Decision points are reached at each stage of the asset lifecycle: 6.1.1 Acquisition Phase—Determine appropriate type of fleet asset, financing method, procurement procedure, and funds management strategy to acquire the optimal number of assets best suited to meet the entities requirement; 6.1.2 Use Phase—Manage the operation, utilization, deployment, and dispatch of assets, including maintenance and repairs; and 6.1.3 Disposal Phase—Manage the disposal of the fleet asset to maximize potential recovery of residual value of the asset or minimize the cost for disposal to best meet entity goals. 6.2 Personnel—Entities should determine the level of knowledge and expertise required for the management program to succeed at each of the lifecycle phases identified above (6.1.1 – 6.1.3). Management responsibilities should be identified, clear, and defined; this should include where per- sonnel fit within the structure ofthe entity.
7. Aspects of a Fleet Management Program
7.1 Operational Aspects for Consideration: 7.1.1 Reasons for and Benefits of an Effıcient Fleet and Management System—The entity should define its current fleet management program and what it is seeking from an effective fleet management system. A statement of mission, goals, and strategies should be in place to guide the program. The statement should be reviewed periodically. 7.1.2 Management Program Scope—The entity’s mission(s), goals, and concerns to be incorporated in the scope of the overall asset management program should be consid- ered. The entity should identify and weigh which management concerns to include in its current activities and which should be considered as its mission(s) changes. Fleet management pro- gram areas, methods, and tools to consider may be identified in this section. 7.1.3 Fleet Management Information System (FMIS)—In whatever form, the record-keeping component of the fleet management program will be able to support the entity’s data requirements for mandatory information (such as information required by the government), as well as furnish information for making informed management decisions that will improve the fleet management program. The requirements for an FMIS go beyond the basic requirements ofa generic (non-fleet) property management system. The FMIS should also include informa- tion that will support the fleet operations side of the program, such as vehicle identification number (VIN), license plate number, installed options, and information on entity installed equipment such as communications and audio/visual warning equipment. Informational needs for both management and operations should be identified and guide functionality require- ments.

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